KANSAS > Lawrence
> Lawrence
>>> Dole Institute of Politics
>>> 1718 Atherton Court
>>> 1603 Random Road
>>> Red House
>>> 144 Pennsylvania
>>> 933 Pennsylvania
>>> 216 Alabama
>>> White House


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Robert J.Dole
Institute of Politics
1718 Atherton
2001: 1603
Random Road
Lawrence -
Red House

1999: 1144
1998: 933
2000: 216
Lawrence -
White House


Constituent state of the United States of America. The state's 82,277 square miles (213,098 square kilometres) are bounded by Nebraska on the north, Missouri on the east, Oklahoma on the south, and Colorado on the west. Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains of the North American continent, it became the 34th state on Jan. 29, 1861. In that year the capital was located in Topeka by popular vote, outpolling nearby Lawrence by some 2,700 ballots. The state's name is derived from that of the Kansa, or Kaw, Indians.

The geographic centre of the 48 coterminous states of the nation is marked by a limestone shaft and a flag located in a pasture near Lebanon, Kan., close to the Nebraska border. Some 40 miles (65 kilometres) to the south is the magnetic, or geodetic, centre of the terrestrial mass of North America; this is the reference point for all land survey in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

Kansas was once seen as the agricultural heartland of the nation. After 1952, however, industry began to contribute more to the economy than did wheat fields and cattle ranches. Wichita, the state's largest city, is known locally as the Air Capital of the Worldbecause it produces more general aviation aircraft than any other city.


City, seat (1855) of Douglas county, eastern Kansas, U.S., on the Kansas (Kaw) River. It was founded in 1854 by antislavery radicals who had come to Kansas under the auspicesof the New England Emigrant Aid Company to outvote proslavery settlers and thus make Kansas a nonslave state. The town was named for Amos A. Lawrence, a New England textile manufacturer. It was a noted station on the Underground Railroad by which slaves escaped into free territory.

As a Jayhawker (Abolitionist) headquarters, the town was sacked in 1856 by proslavery militia under a former Democratic senator from Missouri, David Rice Atchison, and in 1863 by the Confederate guerrilla William Clarke Quantrill, who massacred more than 150 citizens.

In 1866 the University of Kansas was opened there, and in 1884 Haskell Institute (now Haskell Indian Junior College) was established for American Indians. Baker University (1858) is in Baldwin City, 13 miles (21 km) south. Lawrence has some small factories, but it is essentially a college town.

> For more information on visiting the Lawrence area, visit www.VisitLawrence.com

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